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Energy-aware design of embedded memories: A survey of technologies, architectures, and optimization techniques
Luca Benini, Alberto Macii, Massimo Poncino
Embedded systems are often designed under stringent energy consumption budgets, to limit heat generation and battery size. Since memory systems consume a significant amount of energy to store and to forward data, it is then imperative to balance...
Access pattern-based memory and connectivity architecture exploration
Peter Grun, Nikil Dutt, Alex Nicolau
Memory accesses represent a major bottleneck in embedded systems power and performance. Traditionally, designers tried to alleviate this problem by relying on a simple cache hierarchy, or a limited use of special purpose memory modules such as stream...
System synthesis of synchronous multimedia applications
Gang Qu, Miodrag Potkonjak
Modern system design is being increasingly driven by applications such as multimedia and wireless sensing and communications, which have intrinsic quality of service (QoS) requirements, such as throughput, error-rate, and resolution. One of the most...
Low-energy off-chip SDRAM memory systems for embedded applications
Hojun Shim, Yongsoo Joo, Yongseok Choi, Hyung Gyu Lee, Naehyuck Chang
Memory systems are dominant energy consumers, and thus many energy reduction techniques for memory buses and devices have been proposed. For practical energy reduction practices, we have to take into account the interaction between a processor and...